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Published: 13 Oct 2017

Gewone Janfrederik/Cape Robin-chat

Die Gewone janfrederik (Cossypha caffra) is ‘n klein insekvretende voëlspesie wat algemeen in suidelike en oostelike Afrika voorkom. Die voël het sy naam te danke aan sy roep, wat na die lettergrepe jan-fre-d’rik klink. Dit is oorwegend ‘n broeiende standvoël in suidelike en oostelike Afrika.

Die janfrederik is 16 tot 17 cm lank. Die volwassene is grys geveer aan die bokant, en effens olyfkleurig getint op die mantelvere. Die gesigsye, voor en agter die oog, is swarterig, en met ‘n wit supersilium van die grys kroon geskei. Die ken, keel, sentrale bors, kruis- en dekvere op die stert is oranje, en die sentrale stertvere is grysbruinerig. Die pensvere is bleekgrys.

Die swart snawel is kort en reguit, met ‘n effens afgeboë bo-snawel. Die bene en pote is pienkerig grys, en die oë is bruin. Die geslagte is soortgelyk, maar die jongvoël is donkerbruin bo, en vaalbruin onder geveer, met swaar vaalbruin merke aan die bokant en grysbruin merke op die bors.

Dit het ‘n kras, lae, drielettergrepige alarmnoot WHA-dur-dra, of JAN-fre-d’rik. Die gesang bestaan uit varierende kort frases van musikale note, wat altyd afskop met ‘n lae legato fluittril, bv. tjerooo-whiet-whiet-whieet.

The Cape robin-chat (Cossypha caffra) is a small passerine bird of the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. It has a disjunct range from South Sudan to South Africa.[2] The locally familiar and confiding species[3] has colonized and benefited from a range of man-altered habitats, including city suburbs and farmstead woodlots.[4] It is an accomplished songster like other robin-chats, but is rather less colourful than most, and frequents either dryer settings or higher altitudes. It forages in the proximity of cover, in the open or in fairly well-lit environments. Its distribution resembles that of the karooolive complex of thrushes, but it prefers the brackenbriar fringes of Afromontane forest,[4] and does not enter far into forest proper.[5] It is altitudinally segregated from the red-capped robin-chat,[5] and is less of a skulker.

The sexes are similar. It measures 16–17 cm from bill tip to tail tip[11] and weighs 28 g.[6] The adult’s upper parts are grey, with the mantle and secondary feathers tinged brownish olive. The blackish lores and ear coverts are separated from the crown by a prominent white supercilium.[6] The chin, throat, central breast, rump, upper tail coverts and outer tail feathers are orange. The breast plumage moults to a deeper orange in colour for the non-breeding season.[2] The central tail feathers are greyish-brown, and obscures the bright rufous outer tail feathers when the tail is closed. The belly is pale grey to white, and the undertail coverts buffy.[6] The short, black bill is fairly straight, but with a slightly down-curved upper mandible. The legs and feet are black, and the eye is brown.

Juveniles have tails like the adults, but lack a supercilium. They are dark brown above and buff below, heavily marked with buff on the upper parts and grey-brown on the breast. The legs and feet are pinkish grey, and unlike other robin-chats, the soles of their feet are yellow. Immatures are like adults but retain some buff-tipped greater wing coverts.

 

Published: 13 Oct 2017

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